digital fancy illustration, powerful colours, Biodiversity, variety of life, ecological and genetic diversity.

What is biodiversity and why is it important?

What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the sum of all living things on Earth, their genetic diversity and the diversity of habitats. It includes plants, animals, fungi, micro-organisms and their interactions.

Why is biodiversity important?

Biodiversity is crucial to the maintenance and functioning of the Earth's ecosystems. Diversity among organisms ensures the stability and resilience of ecosystems to environmental change.

Biodiversity contributes to ecosystem services such as soil formation, water and air purification, pollination and the functioning of natural regulatory mechanisms.

Biodiversity also has economic value, as it underpins many products and services such as food production, pharmaceuticals and tourism.

Unfortunately, biodiversity is in constant decline due to environmental changes, habitat destruction, the spread of invasive species and human activities. It is therefore of paramount importance to conserve and maintain biodiversity.

∑: biodiversity, diversity, organisms, functioning, ecosystems, environmental, services, living, things