digital fancy illustration, powerful colours, Climate change, species extinction, shifting habitats.

How does climate change affect biodiversity?


Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing the Earth today. Human activity is causing a steady increase in the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, with long-term effects on the Earth's climate. As a result, biodiversity – the variety and diversity of the Earth's living organisms – is under threat.

Temperature change and habitats

Climate change is causing the Earth's temperature to rise on average. This temperature change has a major impact on habitats. In the Arctic, for example, melting ice is making it increasingly difficult for polar bears to find food and nesting sites. And in the rainforests, many species of plants and animals are facing extinction due to increased temperatures and drought.

Adaptation of living organisms

Climate change will require organisms to adapt to changing conditions. Some species can adapt quickly, while others have difficulties. For example, the white fur of Arctic animals, once useful for hiding in the snow, is now a disadvantage as snowfall decreases. In addition, plants have to adapt to changes in temperature, for example by moving the time of flowering earlier or later.

Extinction of species

Climate change is putting many species at risk of extinction. Habitat changes, food shortages and environmental stress are causing more and more species of animals and plants to disappear from the Earth. This has a negative impact not only on the species concerned, but also on the ecosystem as a whole, as all living things play a role in the functioning of the ecosystem.


Climate change has a significant impact on biodiversity. Living organisms need to adapt to changing conditions and many species are having difficulty doing so. And species extinctions have negative impacts on ecosystems and human society. It is therefore important to take action at global level to mitigate climate change in order to preserve the Earth's biodiversity and ensure a sustainable future.

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Impact of climate change on biodiversity, visuals

How does climate change affect biodiversity?


Climate change poses an increasing challenge to the Earth's biodiversity. Global warming and the resulting changes are affecting organisms and ecosystems. In this article, we describe in detail how climate change is affecting biodiversity and what the consequences for species and ecosystems could be.

Climate change impacts on species

Climate change affects the distribution and habitat conditions of species. A warming climate may reduce the range of some species and increase the range of others. Climate change will cause some species to seek new habitats and others to adapt to changes in existing habitats. This may lead to competition between species and changes in population dynamics.

Impact of climate change on ecosystems

Climate change also affects the functioning and composition of ecosystems. Rising temperatures and changes in precipitation affect the interactions and metabolism of species in ecosystems. Climate change may cause the extinction or displacement of species in ecosystems, which could threaten the stability and functioning of ecosystems.


Climate change has a significant impact on biodiversity. Changes in the distribution and habitat conditions of species and changes in the composition and functioning of ecosystems could have serious consequences for nature and human society. Understanding the impacts of climate change and taking appropriate action is essential to preserve biodiversity and ensure a sustainable future.

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